A high-pressure glass reactor is a chemical reaction vessel that can conduct a reaction under high pressure. The high pressure can be caused by the reaction itself or provided by external sources such as hydrogen in catalytic hydrogenation. A pressure glass reactor can carry out a reaction at temperatures above the boiling point of the solvent that is being used.
This high pressure reduces the reaction volume including the liquid phase. This, in turn, increases the concentration and collision frequency hence accelerating the reaction. Increasing the temperature can as well speed the rate of reaction but can also result in the decomposition of the product.
Pressure speeds up the reaction and only impacts decomposition if there is the release of a gas or a reaction with a gas. When the preferred reaction is accelerated competing reactions are reduced. Generally, pressure enables faster reactions while maintaining clean reaction profiles.
Features of High-Pressure Glass Reactor.
- The high-pressure glass reactor has a series of stirred reactors that have been designed to be used when you need high operating pressures that that provided by the general-purpose reactors. It also ensures a clear visual of the reactions taking place due to the clear glass material.
- The glass reactor guarantees high resistance against acids and also enables monitoring of the reactions.
- The machine also has a motor that provides a high speed of up to 1200 revolutions per minute thus ensuring efficient stirring and mixing of low to high viscous products as well as ensuring excellent heat transfer.
- A high-pressure glass reactor has a complete jacketed flask with a bottom outlet and the pressure system is designed to operate at low to moderate pressure reactions, synthesis, and catalysis.
- The reactor can be used on benches since it is too light hence can be handled comfortably on a standard bench.
Types and Features of High-Pressure Glass Reactor.
1. Single Layer Glass Reactor.
The single layer glass reactor has a maximum volume of 100 liters. It can also reach a maximum rotating speed of 450 revolutions per minute. The product’s bottle reaction volume is 100 liters. It can make a number of solvents synthesis reactions under constant temperatures. This reactor part is controllably sealed and can use negative pressures continuous inhalation for various gases and liquids and make distillation under different temperatures.
The working principle of this type of reactor is through the “oil bath” into the constant temperature heat solution or the coolant materials in the reactor and also involves stirring. The instrument can process pressure stirring reaction, distillation, extraction, separation and condensation reaction. The cooling tubes which are filled with water achieve the cooling effect rapidly. This instrument has the following features:
- It uses GG17, G3.3 borosilicate glass and possesses excellent chemical and physical performance.
- The instrument features a stirring speed digital display, has an imported high torque reinforcement, a frequency conversion regulated temperature stirring system and also ensures a stable working state.
- The device is applicable when working under normal pressures or low pressures and can reach up to 0.0098MPa range when in a stationary state.
- It is also ideal for conducting experiments under room temperatures, high temperatures that are 200 degrees Celcius and under low temperatures -80 degrees Celcius reaction conditions.
2. Double Jacketed Agitated Glass Reactor.
This type of reactor is mostly used for chemical reactions that involve high temperatures. This machine comes with an interior jacket for regulated heating and cooling and an external jacket for better vacuum insulation. The outer jacket prevents excess moisture from accumulating.
The instrument also offers a clear visual hence important for users who require a better vision for the reactions. This reactor type is also able to handle synthetic reactions for a wide range of compounds. It achieves this without interfering with the device programmed temperatures and pressures. This type of glass reactor has the following features:
- The double jacket glass reactor design ensures an efficient heat transfer and thus it guarantees optimal product quality and an economically effective process.
- This instrument also has thermal oils that ensure the preferred temperature is maintained. The thermal oils are present in either the heating or cooling system or both.
- A jacket agitated glass reactor has thick walls that ensure the total heat transfer coefficient is well maintained.
3. Three-Layer Glass Reactor.
The three-layer glass reactor is a reactor type that can be used for a long duration of time. This glass reactor can cope up with common agents of deterioration and damages. The three layers create an almost total vacuum that is crucial at progressing the reactions altogether. They also provide reinforcement to the walls and hence the minimize the chances of explosions and fire outbreaks.
Apart from its strength, the 3-layer glass provides a tougher sealing. The sealing is mostly made of polytetrafluoroethylene material. This ensures the joints stay strong and also prevents the intrusion of ambient air and moisture thus improves the efficiency of the reaction. This type has the following features:
- The glass reactor is made of G3.3 borosilicate glass. This is a good material and enhances the chemical performance.
- This design also adopts 4 fluorine seal and withstands the pressure of 0.0095millipascals in the working status.
- It has a polytetrafluoroethylene valve that regulates the inflow and outflow of reactants and thus serves a secondary role in ensuring your safety.
Applications of High-Pressure Glass Reactor.
1. In industry.
The high-pressure glass reactor is used in industries such as chemical industries, pharmaceutical industries and many more where they are used for different kinds of reactions. The instrument is perfect since it meets parameters such as evaporation reaction, heating reactions and also cooling reactions.
It is used in industries since it is perfect in ensuring reactant mixing and synthesis. It is also applied in reactions such as homogeneous reactions, distillation reactions as well as sample purification.
2. In Laboratories.
The instrument is used in laboratories mostly based on learning institutions to carry out different kinds of reactions. There are many reactions that can be carried out in the laboratories using high-pressure glass reactors such as combination reactions. You can also use the device to carry out decomposition reactions where you breakdown chemical mixtures to their components. It can also be used for oxidation reactions, redox reactions and also double replacement reactions.
In conclusion, the high-pressure glass reactor is mostly used to carry out reactions under high temperatures and varying pressures which can run up to negative pressures. The machine can be used to carry out a wide range of reactions based on industries and laboratories in learning institutions.