Glass reactors are transparent equipment that is used in the production of chemicals, polymers, and pharmaceuticals. They comprise strong glass walls that shield the interior contents from any exposure to or contact with the outside world. In doing so, they facilitate the reactions of substances. We are here to discuss the application of glass reactors in the pharma industry.
1. Continuous Stirred Tank Glass Reactors in Pharma Industry
A continuous stirred tank glass reactor serves to estimate the variables of the key operations units. At the same time, it makes use of a continuous agitated tank reactor to attain a predefined level of output. It is by far the most common kind of reactor that is employed in the field of pharmaceuticals. This stems from its ability to facilitate many reactions and applications.
2. Packed Bed Reactors in Pharma Industry
These are shaped in the form of a tube and are filled wholly with the solid catalyst particles. They are mainly utilized for the catalysis of gas reactions. The reactors basically provide some surfaces on which the chemical reactions take place subsequently. This reactor stands tall as managing the highest conversions per weight of any other kind of catalytic reactor.
3. Tubular Reactor in Pharma Industry
As the name implies this one is shaped in the form of a tube. At its core is a vessel in which a continuous flow of substances is maintained. These substances flow in as though they were some kinds of pistons or solid plugs. The tubes have the same reaction times for all materials that pass through them regardless of the size and weight thereof.
4. Moving Bed Reactor in Pharma Industry
For those applications which entail the separations of chemical compounds from other substances or chemical compounds, the moving bed reactors come in handy. It also has the capability of providing sufficient quantities of enriched materials at costs that are ordinarily too low. You will find this reactor useful for eliminating impurities from your solutions. It also works wonders when extracting solvents.
5. Fluidized Bed Reactor in Pharma Industry
In a fluidized bed reactor, a fluid is passed through some solid granular materials at extremely high speeds. This action suspends the fluids and makes it behave much as a normal liquid would. For these reasons, it is a good one to choose to handle solutions and mixtures that are suspended in water. It nonetheless requires some added attention.
The Specifications of WKIE Lab Glass Reactors
|Inside/Outside tube diameter(mm)||150*180||150*180||200*230||200*230||245*260||315*360||315*360||360*405||460*500||460*500||600*550|
|Reactor vessel cover relevant opening size||center||50#||50#||50#||50#||50#||50#||50#||50#||50#||50#||50#|
|Reactor vessel cover relevant opening size||left||29#||29#||29#||29#||40#||40#||40#||40#||40#||40#||40#|
|Reactor vessel cover relevant opening size||right||24#||24#||24#||24#||34#||34#||34#||34#||34#||34#||34#|
|Reactor vessel cover relevant opening size||later||--||--||--||24#||34#||34#||34#||34#||34#||34#||34#|
|Reactor vessel cover relevant opening size||before||14#||19#||19#||29#||29#||29#||29#||29#||29#||29#||29#|
The Types of Glass Reactors In the Pharma Industry
Many kinds of glass reactors that may be used in the pharmaceutical industry abound. However, some six of them particularly stand out. In this section of the discussion, we are going to look into these various kinds so that you may know more about them.
1. Batch Glass Reactor in Pharma
The batch glass reactor is for all practical purposes the simplest reactor. Though simple, this kind of reactor has the ability to accommodate many kinds of gears at a time. Indeed, it will receive all the materials until such a time that the capacity is packed to the brim. It is mainly used for those small-scale applications.
Top examples of these include the brewing, pulping, and handling of various biological materials. Being small, this kind of reactor is similarly cheaper to come by and relatively easier to comprehend and engage. Thus, it is also useful for those who have almost no prior experience in using them.
2. Continuous Glass Stirred-tank Reactor (CSTR)
Next comes the Continuous stirred-tank reactor model (CSTR). In this reactor, one or more liquid reagents are introduced into the tank segment. This mixture is subsequently stirred using an impeller to mix the reagents fully and uniformly. In this way, the reagents produce great outcomes indeed.
This kind of reactor is larger than the batch counterpart above, Further, it is also more complicated and cumbersome to engage. For a large part, it finds applicability in those areas that demand industrial-size applications. Also, it costs a lot more to come by than the other one. Brace yourself for more investments.
3. Plug Flow Reactor Model (PFR)
Also called the continuous tubular reactor (CTR), this one accepts one or more fluid reagents from a side to side tube or pipe. In this reactor, the chemical reactions will transpire simultaneously with the movements of the reagents from the tubes into the tubular reactor.
As these reagents mix, the rates vary significantly in such a way as to generate a gradient that is further characterized by added admiration. On the whole, this reactor is mainly useful for mass production where many ingredients have to be mixed and handled at a time.
4. Catalytic Cracker
Catalytic cracking is a chemical process that entails the extensive use of carbonium ions. It is an application that is mainly employed in petroleum refinery. The cracker is mainly used to convert the high molecular weights of the hydrocarbons into more valuable gasoline gases.
By its nature and composition, this reactor is exclusively employed in the refining of petroleum and other associated products. It is subsequently tougher and better placed at handling tasks that are ordinarily too explosive to handle normally. Needless to say, it is very expensive and mainly used in established firms.
The Features of WKIE LAB Glass Reactors Used in Pharma Industry
Borosilicate Material Construction
The glass reactors that are used in the pharmaceutical industry are manufactured largely by Borosilicate materials. This glass is not only transparent but also strong enough to handle the most strenuous applications with absolute ease. Being tough, this glass is also resistant to most forms of damages.
Clear and Transparent Walls
Their walls are clear and transparent. This is purposely to enable you to see through clearly and unimpeded. In doing so, the characteristic allows for smooth tracking of the progress of the reactions at any given time. With them, you will hardly falter or arrive at erroneous readings.
As a matter of principle, the glass reactors are pretty resistant to heat and other forms of disturbances. This is mainly because the kind of glass used, Borosilicate allows for uniform distribution of the heat input. This allows for uniform expansion and contraction to ward off any attendant damages.
Most pharmaceutical settings require huge volumes of reactants and reagents. For this reason, the glass reactors that are used to facilitate those reactions are similarly larger in volume. You will hence have to set aside a huge space to contain and accommodate them. The same goes for the costs of acquisition and installation.
Well-organized Heat Transfer
Since heat is extensively used in these reactions, it follows that the glass reactors also handle excess heat simply and conveniently. Apart from merely distributing the heat input effectively, they also go a long way in converting the same into energy which is used to subsequently facilitate the chemical reactions.
Obviously, the typical chemical reaction entails the use of liquids and other solutions. It hence goes that the glass reactors themselves also ought to be leakage-proof. Well, their structural makeup is completely seamed to prevent the infiltration of water and to prevent the leakage of the same.
Now that you know just about anything you ought to with regards to the glass reactors used in the pharmaceutical industry, we now expect you to move ahead to now appreciate it better. This can only mean you finding the best one and devoting it to your everyday pharmaceutical applications.