Glass reactors are quite conventional in various industries such as medicine manufacturing facilities, laboratories and even in learning institutions. The glass reactors are highly used in experiments or operations involving the dissolution of solids, mixing of various products, chemical reactions crystallization, and even extractions, to name a few. These glass reactors come in different categories, where some are used for pressure reaction processes.
What Is A Glass Pressure Reactor?
The glass pressure reactors are the vessels used when carrying out experiments involving high reactant components. They help study the reactions that occur between two or more gases with solids or powders. These glasses are crafted with sturdy and high-quality material to ensure they can withstand the high pressure from the reactants. They are also durable and robust to withstand UHV conditions. The glass pressure reactors come in different sizes for people to choose from based on the type of experiments they want to carry out and the area to use it as well.
The Designs of Glass Pressure Reactor
The glass pressure reactors are multifunctional laboratory reactors used in a wide range of methods. They come in different sizes ranging from 25 ml to 5000 ml. They feature high-quality material and have stainless steel for durable and heavy-duty media when carrying out various experiments. They have protective glass insert ideal for safeguarding the user when carrying out different operations, including the explosive ones. They have maximum operational temperatures and pressure that range from 250 to 5000 degrees Celsius. The glass pressure reactors use different heating depending on the volume of the reactors.
The features of a glass pressure reactor
The glass pressure reactors are utilized under high pressure and powerful reactants; hence, they feature high-quality material to ensure durability purposes. The features include;
- High resistant levels
The glasses are designed with high-quality materials that are resistant to acid damages. Therefore, you can work with any component without worrying about the glass getting damaged or corrosion. It is also easy to clean off any residuals after every use since they don’t stick on the glass walls for reuse.
- Transparent design
The glass reactors feature a transparent design that allows the user to monitor and view the reactions taking place in the vessels. This also makes it easy to determine the level of pressure/heat in between the experiment.
- Safety designs
The glass pressure reactors feature safety housing that consists of a polycarbonate sliding door to ensure the safety of the user when operating the vessels and to contain the used reactants as well.
The Applications of Glass Pressure Reactor
In chemical decomposition
This is the process whereby two or more products are formed from one reactant. This process requires high-levels of energy; hence, the need to use a high-pressure glass reactant. A high level of energy is needed to break down the used component to form other smaller parts. The used ingredients are usually exposed to varying degrees of heat, radiation, humidity and even acidity. In most cases, this type of experiment is widely used in the industries and labs for analysis. It can be used to analyze gravimetric, thermogravimetric, and the reaction of the sodium azide. The chemical decomposition processes are; thermal decomposition, electrolytic and lastly photolytic.
In reagent processes
This is the process whereby a substance is added to the system to test the chemical reaction. These processes require the use of high heat and pressure to determine the results and to fasten the process as well. The process is mainly used to detect the presence or the change of colour occurrence when a chemical reaction is carried out. A pressure reactor vessel is designed in a clean form, which makes it easy for one to detect the colour change patterns taking place in the reactants. It is also sturdy and easy to clean off any residuals, which, in return, makes it possible to use a variety of substances in these experiments. The high pressure utilized with these vessels helps to speed up the reaction process, which also helps to provide cleaner and great reaction results.
Crystallization is the process that atom or molecules are turned to solid. This can also be defined as the process that occurs when solids are turned to liquids. During this process, the hot solvent is added to solid, which is passed in a glass set under high pressure and heat. The two are heated together to form a solution which occurs in the form of crystals. The glass pressure reactors are recommended for such experiments since the high-pressure fastens the method to ensure the results are pure crystals.
The Precautions of Using A Glass Pressure Reactor
Inspect the glass before using it
Although these glasses feature high-quality materials, they are bound to get damaged, primarily if not appropriately handled when cleaning. The glass may develop a tiny crack or scratch that can interfere with other experiences. So, always make sure to inspect the glass before using it for any other experiment.
Install all safety parts
Some of the safety parts included in the glass pressure reactor packages are the safety shields and trays. Always make sure these parts are put in the right place and properly before carrying out any experiments. Some experiments are quite explosive and can cause damage if not well installed.
Never leave the glass vessels with residuals after every analysis since the substances may stick on the walls making it difficult to clean up later. Since these glasses are meant to be reused, make sure to clean up after every use. Clean the interior parts of the glasses thoroughly and rinse with running water.
Use the right heating methods
There are the temperature limits to use when using these glass pressure reactors to carry out experiments. Therefore, read the user manual to see the right heating method to use depending on the operations you are carrying out.